Recent Publications

Last 20 publications – view all on PubMed

  • by Benedetta Padoan
    Although natural killer (NK) cells are recognized for their modulation of immune responses, the mechanisms by which human NK cells mediate immune regulation are unclear. Here, we report that expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP, a ligand for the activating NK cell receptor NKp44, is significantly upregulated on CD8^(+) effector T cells, in particular in […]
  • by Jia Zhao
    Resident tissue macrophages (RTMs) encompass a highly diverse set of cells abundantly present in every tissue and organ. RTMs are recognized as central players in innate immune responses, and more recently their importance beyond host defense has started to be highlighted. Despite sharing a universal name and several canonical markers, RTMs perform remarkably specialized activities […]
  • by Veda D Khadka
    The skin microbiome can both trigger beneficial immune stimulation and pose a potential infection threat. Previous studies have shown that colonization of mouse skin with the model human skin commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis is protective against subsequent excisional wound or pathogen challenge. However, less is known about concurrent skin damage and exposure to commensal microbes, despite […]
  • by Pilar X Altman
    The study of immunogens capable of eliciting broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) is crucial for the development of an HIV vaccine. To date, only cows, making use of their ultralong CDRH3 loops, have reliably elicited bnAbs following immunization with HIV Envelope trimers. Antibody responses to the CD4 binding site have been readily elicited by immunization of […]
  • by Alexander Bukreyev
    The first-ever recent Marburg virus (MARV) outbreak in Ghana, West Africa and Equatorial Guinea has refocused efforts towards the development of therapeutics since no vaccine or treatment has been approved. mRNA vaccines were proven successful in a pandemic-response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, making it an appealing vaccine platform to target highly pathogenic emerging […]
  • by Guy Katz
    IgG4-related disease is an immune-mediated disease that can lead to substantial morbidity and organ damage. Capable of affecting nearly any organ system or anatomic site, and showing considerable overlap in clinical presentation with various other diseases, IgG4-related disease often poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. Furthermore, there are no diagnostic biomarkers with high specificity for […]
  • by Susanna E Barouch
    CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that concurrent administration of these vaccines may yield higher and more durable SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody responses while maintaining responses against influenza.
  • by Samuel W Kazer
    The nasal mucosa is frequently the initial site of respiratory viral infection, replication, and transmission. Recent work has started to clarify the independent responses of epithelial, myeloid, and lymphoid cells to viral infection in the nasal mucosa, but their spatiotemporal coordination and relative contributions remain unclear. Furthermore, understanding whether and how primary infection shapes tissue-scale […]
  • by James Kaminski
    CAR-T cells hold promise as a therapy for B-cell-derived malignancies, yet despite their impressive initial response rates, a significant proportion of patients ultimately experience relapse. While recent studies have explored the mechanisms of in vivo CAR-T cell function, little is understood about the activation of surrounding CARneg bystander T-cells and their potential to enhance tumor […]
  • by Roger Tatoud
    While low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially in Southern and Eastern Africa, bear the largest burden of the HIV globally, investigators working on the front lines in these regions are leading a limited number of research efforts, particularly related to HIV cure. Conducting HIV cure research in high-burden HIV LIMCs provides an unparalleled opportunity to […]
  • by Tyler Cassidy
    PGT121 is a broadly neutralizing antibody in clinical development for the treatment and prevention of HIV-1 infection via passive administration. PGT121 targets the HIV-1 V3-glycan and demonstrated potent antiviral activity in a phase I clinical trial. Resistance to PGT121 monotherapy rapidly occurred in the majority of participants in this trial with the sampled rebound viruses […]
  • by Anna M Zhang
    CONCLUSIONS: In all of the patients with PAD, anti-spike antibody levels increased with successive SARS-CoV-2 immunizations and were correlated with neutralization of both the SARS-CoV-2 wild-type strain and the Omicron BA.5 variant. Secondary PAD, severe primary PAD, and high-risk immunophenotypes were correlated with lower mean anti-spike antibody levels following vaccine doses 2 through 4. Patients […]
  • by Maureen Sakoi-Mosetlhi
    CONCLUSIONS: Monthly intravenous bNAb infusions were highly acceptable to caregivers of children with HIV in Botswana and preferred over standard ART by the majority of caregivers.
  • by Catherine Jacob-Dolan
    The 2022-2023 mpox outbreak triggered vaccination efforts using smallpox vaccines that were approved for mpox, including modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA; JYNNEOS), which is a safer alternative to live replicating vaccinia virus (ACAM2000). Here, we compare the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of JYNNEOS by the subcutaneous or intradermal routes, ACAM2000 by the percutaneous route, and subunit […]
  • by Laura Bricio-Moreno
    Understanding adaptive immunity against SARS-CoV-2 is a major requisite for the development of effective vaccines and treatments for COVID-19. CD4^(+) T cells play an integral role in this process primarily by generating antiviral cytokines and providing help to antibody-producing B cells. To empower detailed studies of SARS-CoV-2-specific CD4^(+) T cell responses in mouse models, we […]
  • by Shant H Mahrokhian
    Severe disease due to COVID-19 has declined dramatically as a result of widespread vaccination and natural immunity in the population. With the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants that largely escape vaccine-elicited neutralizing antibody responses, the efficacy of the original vaccines has waned and has required vaccine updating and boosting. Nevertheless, hospitalizations and deaths due to COVID-19 […]
  • by Tianxi Wang
    Pathological ocular angiogenesis has long been associated with myeloid cell activation. However, the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms governing the intricate crosstalk between the immune system and vascular changes during ocular neovascularization formation remain elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that the absence of the suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) in myeloid cells led […]
  • by Justin Harper
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.20411/pai.v8i2.665.].
  • by Devin Kenney
    The lung-resident immune mechanisms driving resolution of SARS-CoV-2 infection in humans remain elusive. Using mice co-engrafted with a genetically matched human immune system and fetal lung xenograft (fLX), we mapped the immunological events defining resolution of SARS-CoV-2 infection in human lung tissues. Viral infection is rapidly cleared from fLX following a peak of viral replication. […]
  • by Alex L Roederer
    Since the COVID-19 pandemic began in 2020, viral sequencing has documented 131 individual mutations in the viral spike protein across 48 named variants. To determine the ability of vaccine-mediated humoral immunity to keep pace with continued SARS-CoV-2 evolution, we assessed the neutralization potency of sera from 76 vaccine recipients collected after 2 to 6 immunizations […]